Planting Roots in Mexico by Tommy Clarkson • May 2014
Lipstick Palm – Cyrtostachys renda (or lakka)
Family: Areceae – Also called: Red Sealing Wax Palm, Sealing Wax Palm or Rajah Palm
Above this palm’s graceful, slender gray to light brown trunks are eye-catching scarlet red to orange-red, three foot long, crown shafts. Simply glorious in appearance, these colors are among the rarest found in any palm trunks.
This somewhat short palm is the proverbial “show stopping, eye popping, wowie-ka-zowie, looker”! Robert Lee Riffle – perhaps the most knowledgeable of all palm authorities – described them succinctly as “Exquisitely thin-trunked clustering feather palms” and in yet more glowing terms, “Never has nature been more profligate in lavishing beauty on a single plant.” From a guy who knew more about palms than any ten other botanists that some praise, huh?
So much so is it a truly magnificent palm that it graces the cover of “A Guide to Palms & Cycads of the World” by Lynette Stewart. (Order Stewart’s excellent book or any of Riffle’s superlative publications, from Amazon through our web site book reviews: “Tropical Gardens” tab; “Tropical Gardening Advice” sub-tab; and “A Review of Tropical Plant, Palm and Flower Books”!)
Its scientific name is derived from the Greek word “Kyrtos” which means “curved” and “stachys” meaning “ear of grain” describing its curved inflorescence. Beyond the obvious lipstick coloration of the crowshaft, one of its other common names, Red Sealing Wax Palm, comes from its very similar color to Chinese sealing wax. However, another source cites these “stunning, bright red crown shafts (to be) the color of colonial British letter sealing wax.”
The genus consists of eight to nine varieties originating in the coastal swamps and lowland rain forests of Malaysia, Indonesia, Borneo, Sumatra, the Solomon Islands and Southern Thailand, living up to 80 years. In those wild environs, this exquisite palm can grow to a height exceeding thirty feet (nine plus meters) but as a domesticated palm, it generally grows to but half that height. Above the colorful crown shafts, its pinnate (feather shaped), green to light yellow-green, leaves, around four feet (1.2 m) long, are gracefully arched.
Be aware, however, that this beauty does not care for drying winds, becoming damaged, and even killed, if the temperature drops below 40o Fahrenheit, and it handles drought very poorly. As regards this palm disliking cold, there are some who say that there is a fungus – Gliocadium – that may reside on it and which becomes active when the temperature drops below 70oF. Such being the case, it is recommended that a fungicide be applied late in November or December (even here in Mexico) – just in case.
In addition to loving – make that “needing” – water and high humidity, it prefers direct sun. However, it can handle some shade though rich, moist, humusy, and well drained soil is a must. Inasmuch – it is written in some source books – as they grew naturally in swamps, they can even grow in standing water such as bogs and marshy land … though I’ve not had much luck with that approach! With a tendency to clump next to each other, it is similar to a Bamboo Palm and great for screening areas. They are also beautiful on patios and around swimming pools.
It is a slow grower with young plants sometimes remaining but a few inches tall for up to three years. (Though such was not the case with ours which, initially, grew most profusely in our entry terrace.) But also take note, when they are younger, they are particularly attractive, losing allure with age … like us!
It should receive monthly feedings of tropical plant food (we also regularly throw on dried cow manure) and is best propagated by carefully dividing the root clusters as its seeds are very slow to germinate, taking from three months to a year to do so.
It has no major pest or disease problems. It is monoecios (or as some botanists describe it, hermaphroditic) which means that the pollen and ovules come from separate flowers on the same tree and pollinates itself – a bit boring – and lonely – way to reproduce, but it gets the job done!
Of all the palms, Riffle summed it thusly, “(The Lipstick Palm) combines almost all the best aspect of the whole family into one species, and that is saying a lot!”
Because of their rarity and slow growing nature, they are generally a bit costly … but, as any who have seen these will attest, they’re well worth it!
In Manzanillo, visit Ola Brisa Gardens, Tommy and Patty’s verdant, multi-terraced tropical paradise nestled on a hill overlooking the magnificent vista of Santiago Bay. Leisurely meander its curved, paved path, experiencing, first hand, a delicious array of palms, plants and flowers from all over the world. Or, e-mail questions to him firstname.lastname@example.org For back issues of “Roots”, gardening tips, tropical plant book reviews and videos of numerous, highly unique eco/adventure/nature tours, as well as memorable “Ultimate Experiences” such a Tropical Garden Brunches and Spa Services, please visit: http://www.olabrisagardens.com